# Writing Natural Numbers as Sums of Primes

The prime numbers are defined in terms of the multiplicative structure of the natural numbers, $$\mathbf{N}$$. Specifically, the definition of prime–that $$p \in \mathbf{N}$$ is prime if it has no non-trivial divisors–only refers to multiplication, not addition. The additive structure of the prime numbers is much less well understood, and indeed, many of the most famous open problems and deepest theorems in number theory concern the additive structure of the primes. For example, see the twin primes conjecture, the Goldbach conjecture, the abc conjecture, and the…